All praise be to the Lord of all the worlds and peace and blessings be upon the Final Messenger: Muhammed .
Mankind’s only purpose in life for being sent down on this earth was so that he may worship Allah, for man to be successful, he has to seek Allah’s pleasure and abstain from the acts which will invite Allah's wrath upon him. If Allah is pleased with him then he will be successful but if Allah’s curse is on him then who is to save him from Allah on that day when there will be no refuge but Allah's.
It is reported by Hazrat Kaab Ibn Ujrah that once the Holy Prophet told everyone to come close to the mimbar, and so we did. When the holy Prophet placed his blessed foot on the first step, he said "Ameen". When he raised his blessed foot on to the second step he again said "Ameen", and in the same way again when raised his foot and placed it on the third step, he repeated for the third time "Ameen". On the completion of the sermon and alighting from the mimbar, we asked the prophet , "Today we heard from you something which we had not heard before". The Holy Prophet replied, " The angel Jibrael came before me and said ‘Destruction be to that person who found the month of Ramadhan but failed to attain forgiveness’, so I said "Ameen" and when I went on to the second step he said, ‘Destruction be to that person in who's presence you are mentioned and he does not send salutations upon you’, so I said "Ameen" and when I went onto the third step he said ‘Destruction be to that person whose parents have reached old age and he fails to gain Jannat by serving them’.
I ponder over the situation. For starters, the Angel Jibrael has given three severe supplications and then the holy Prophet agrees to it and replies to them saying "Ameen". From the three severe supplications, let us look at the second, as this compared to the other two situations, (the first which occurs once a year and the third which depends on a person and his parents life), is one which occurs everytime the Holy Prophet is mentioned and is in the most danger of being neglected.
The subject of sending salutations is first and foremost evident in the Holy Quraan where in Allah orders the believers to send peace and blessing upon the Holy Prophet . The Quraan has many places where Allah commands the servants to establish zakat, to pray, to fast etc. When Allah created Adam , He honoured him by ordering the angels to prostrate before him. The Holy Prophet is honoured in such a way that is not like any other. Allah orders the believers to send peace and blessings upon him and says that the angels, also do the same, but what greater honour can there be than when Allah himself sends peace and blessings on him also.
This is a special act because the servant is lucky to participate in an act in which his master also takes part. There are many virtues to sending peace and blessings upon the Holy Prophet . In a part of a hadith narrated by Hazrat Anas the Holy Prophet has stated that whoever sends durood on me, Allah will send ten mercies on him, forgive ten of his sins and raise his status by ten stages. It is also related by Hazrat Abbas ibn Masood, the Prophet said, "Verily, the closest person to me on the Day of Judgement will be the one who sends the most salutations on me". The Prophet also states that, "To send salutations on me will be heavenly light in the darkness of the ‘Pul Siraat’ (a bridge over which everyone will have to cross) on the day of resurrection". The Prophet also said, "Whoever sends a lot of salutations on me, he will be under the shade of the thrown of Allah".
How long does it take to send Durood upon Holy Prophet ? When his name is mentioned, it can take less than a second to fulfill this order, and also in doing so, a person’s sins are forgiven, he gains merits, his status is elevated and he also has a peaceful thought in his mind that he has just done something which Allah and his angels also do.
Bear in mind, that we are not only restricted to sending Durood upon the Holy Prophet when his name is mentioned, but it is emphasised that we voluntarily send Durood as it increases a persons love for the Messenger of Allah. As the Hadith contains, "A person is not a (complete) believer until he loves me more than his parents, his children and all people". A person will be with whom he loves the most and what better to love, and to be with, on the Day of Judgement than the intercessor himself. It is related by Hazrat Abu Dardaa that the Holy Prophet said that, “Whoever sends Durood upon me in the morning and in the evening ten ten times, on the day of judgement my intercession will surely reach him". There are however times when it is undesirable (‘makrooh’) to send Darood. This includes :
1. During intercourse. 2. Whilst retrieving one-self from the
call of nature.
3. For advertising the sale of product. 4. Whilst stumbling. 5. During astonishment. 6. Whilst slaughtering an animal. 7. Whilst sneezing.
Referring back to the first hadeeth, when a person does not send durood upon the Prophet when his name is mentioned, then he has heavy consequences to face. He has the curse of the Angel Jibraeel, which is backed up by the acceptance of Allah's messenger who agreed by saying Ameen. The person who does not send Durood upon the mentioning of the Prophet is the greatest miser. It also comes in a Hadith that when a group of people leave a gathering in which Allah was not mentioned and Durood was not send upon the Prophet , that sitting will be cause of regret until the Day of Judgement. In another hadith it is said that when a group of people leave a gathering having not sent Durood upon the Prophet , then that gathering will be wabaal (calamity) on them on the day of resurrection. May Allah save us from this neglect.
It is also worthy to note that when in a gathering where the Prophet may be mentioned a lot, according to Hazrat Thanwi (Rahima hulla) it is necessary upon the listener to give a reply everytime but that the first time is necessary and thereafter it is preferable. Regarding the time whilst offering Salaah, apart from the specified place of sending durood which is after the final ‘Tashahud’, it is makrooh to read it any where else.
Hazrat Thanwi writes in Zadus Saeed that when a person writes the name of the Prophet , he should write the Durood fully afterwards and use no abbreviations. Once a person out of stinginess continued in not writing it, this resulted in his hand rotting away. It is appropriate for the persons body and clothes to be clean and pure.
Some scholars have written that when the sending of durood is referring to it being sent by Allah it is taken in the meaning of Allah presenting the place of Maqaame-Mahmud to the Holy Prophet . Maqaame-Mahmud is a special place close to Allah reserved for only that person when reffering to angels as sending Durood, what is meant here is that they pray to Allah for the rank of the Holy Prophet to be evelated and that Holy Prophet do sifaarish i.e ask forgiveness for the ummah. Finally the sending of Durood by the believers means the It’tiba, (following of Messenger of Allah ) and the love we have for him.
It does'nt take much thinking to realise how much benefits there are in sending even one durood, just one durood gives a person ten rewards. Not only that but ten sins are also forgiven as well as his ranks being raised by ten more stages. Delving a little more into details will also make it apparent that every letter used to spell the salutation sent to Messenger of Allah is worth ten rewards each, this is a bonus amount recieved.
The Day of Ressurrection will be a very hard and painful day for many. A day when Allah the All Mighty will be angry like never before. Everyone will be in need of the Prophet ’s intercession. Through the Mercy of Allah, through his beloved Prophet , we have been informed of one sure fine way to gain that blessed intercession. The hadith narrated by Hazrat Abu Darda in which he states, “The Messenger of Allah has said ‘whosoever sends ten duroods upon me in the morning and ten duroods in the evening, my intercession will definitely reach him on Day of Judgement".
May Allah enable us to send abundant duroods upon the Holy Prophet and may He save us from being neglectful of this faithful
Forty Salaat & Salaam upon the Prophet Muhammad
Virtues of Durood - Maulana Anas Giathuddin
Salaat & Salaam and Spiritual Order - Maulana Ahmad Patas
The Rights of the Prophet Maulana Ahmed Ali
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