Contents of Part 14
Hajj means to visit the sacred house of Allah in Makkah Mukarramah during
the days of Hajj, (i.e.
Pilgrimage to the house of Allah is a bounded duty unto mankind for
him who has the means to find the way thereunto, and whosoever disbelieves,
then verily Allah is free and Independent from the entire universe.
1. "Verily Allah has declared Hajj Farz upon you, therefore perform
Hajj is FARZ once in a lifetime upon every adult, male and female. The
conditions that make Hajj FARZ are as follows.
8. A woman must be accompanied by her husband or a Mahram. (A Mahram is a male member of the family whom she is NOT allowed to marry according to Islaamic Law.)
If any of the above conditions are not found, Hajj will not be FARZ.
Once the above conditions are found, Hajj becomes Farz. It becomes Waajib upon such a person to perform Hajj during the first available Hajj period. Delaying the Hajj will be a sinful act.
1. If the Mahram is a minor or one who is so irreligious that he cannot
be trusted by even his mother and sister, then it is not proper to travel
with such a person.
A person delayed his FARZ Hajj. He thereafter becomes blind or so ill that he is unable to undertake the journey. Such a person should draw up a will for Hajje Badal after his death.
If one has left so much wealth after his death that after discharging his liabilities, Hajje Badal can be performed from one-third of the remaining wealth, then it is essential for the heirs of the deceased to carry out the will.
If one-third is not sufficient to cover the expenses for Hajj, then the heirs are not obliged to carry out the will.
However, if they willingly make up the deficiency then someone may be sent for Hajje Badal.
N.B. To use the wealth of Naa Baalighs (minors), even with their consent, is not permissible.
If one-third of the legacy was not sufficient to carry out the will and the heirs did not agree to part with their share, and thus Hajje Badal was not performed, then the deceased is not sinful.
It is NOT proper for a woman in IDDAT, being widowed or divorced, to disrupt her Iddat and go for Hajj.
While in Ihram, a woman should not cover her face with a cloth. A net is used for this purpose. It should be tied on the face in a manner that it does NOT TOUCH the face.
THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF HAJJ:
1. QlRAAN: To perform Umrah first in the month: of Hajj, (Shawwaal,
Zil Qa'dah and the first days of Zil Hijjah) and thereafter to perform
Hajj with one Ihraam, i.e. one will remain in the Haram of Makkah (varying
from 5 to 14.5 km in various directions) in the state of Ihraam from the
moment the Meeqaat is entered until the Ihraam is released on the 1Oth
The one who performs:
According to the Hanafi school of thought Qiraan is considered the best. Thereafter Tamattu' a lastly Ifraad.
Once the intention is made to discharge the obligation of Hajj, it is Farz to study the Masaa'il of Hajj (preferably under the guidance of an Aalim). for this purpose one may refer to the Kitab:- Hajj-Umrah-Ziyarat by Mufti Abdullah bin Abdur Rahman Ebrahim, obtainable from Ilmi Publications, Box 25051, Ferreeirasdorp, Transvaal, South Africa.
1st day: 8th Zul Hijjah, Yaum-ut-Tarwiyah
2nd day: 9th Zul Hijjah, Yaum-ul-Arafah
3rd day: 10th Zul Hijjah, Yaum-un-Nahr
4th day: 11th Zul Hijjah
5th day: 12th Zul Hijjah
It is Sunnate Muakkadah to perform Umrah once in a lifetime. Umrah could be performed practically throughout the year. However, an Umrah during Ramadhaan is superior to the Umrah performed on other days. Rasulullah has mentioned, "An Umrah performed during Ramadhaan is equal (in reward) to performing Hajj with me." It is Makroohe Tahreemee to perform Umrah on the 9, 10, 11 and l2th of Zil Hijjah (the days of Hajj).
There are two Farz in Umrah:
1. To wear the Ihraam.
THERE ARE THREE WAAJIBAATS IN UMRAH:
1. Completion of all seven circuits of Tawaaf.
1. Put on the Ihraam before entering Meeqaat (boundary).
IHRAAM: It is incumbent upon all persons living beyond the Meeqaat (boundary)
to put on the Ihraam if they intend going to Makkah Mukarramah. A woman
not in the state of performing Salaat is not excused from this.
After putting on the Ihraam, perform Sunnatul Ihraam with the headgear
not in the state of performing Salaah. A woman in the state of not performing
salaah, will not perform this Salaah.
After having performed the two Rak'aats Sunnat of Ihraam, remove the
If one goes beyond the Meeqaat without the Niyyah (with Ihraam), Dum will have to be given. The Niyyah is as follows:
The Talbiyah is as follows:
When in Ihraam repeat the Talbiyah as often as possible. It is Mustahab to repeat it thrice whenever recited. After the Niyyah and Talbiyah one becomes a Muhrim (one whose Ihraam is valid).
1. Quarrelling and using vulgar languages.
1. To take a bath, be it Waajib or to cool ones body.
On reaching Makkah Mukarramah one should find accommodation and settle first. Thereafter it is Mustahab (preferable) to perform Ghusl. If this is not possible, Wudhu will suffice. Do not use soap or shave when bathing.
Thereafter enter the Musjidul Haraam, preferably through Babus Salaam.
Enter with the right foot, with utmost humbleness and respect and recite:
The Niyyah for I’tikaaf should also be made
and the Talbiyah be recited constantly.
Thereafter one should engage himself in making Du'aa (supplication) for this is a place where Du'aas are accepted.
If a Farz, Waajib or Sunnah Mu'akkadah Salaah has still to be performed, then this should be completed before commencing the Tawaaf.
Before commencing the Tawaaf, make Idtibaa, (i.e. the covering of the body in a manner that the left shoulder, left arm and back are covered and the right arm entirely exposed.
Discontinue with the Idtibaa after the Tawaaf has been completed.
The two Rak'aat Waajib Salaah should NOT be performed with the arm exposed, (i.e. with Idtibaa).
After Idtibaa face the Ka'ba in a manner that the entire Hajjare Aswad
remains on your right and the left shoulder towards Rukna Yamaanee.
Move sideways to your right, towards the Hajjare Aswad (with the face and chest towards the Ka'ba until in line with (squarely opposite) the Hajjare Aswad. This is Mustahab. If this is difficult, say the Niyyah while standing in line with the Hajjare Aswad (diametrically opposite).
When squarely opposite the Hajjare Aswad, raise both the hands to the ears (as one does when beginning Salaah). Say while raising the hands.
After lowering the hands, make Istilaam of the Hajjare Aswad. A Mu'tamir (one performing Umrah) will discontinue with the Talbiyah after the first Istilaam.
ISTILAAM: Istilaam is to place both hands
on the Hajjare Aswad and to kiss it gently thrice, between the two palms.
(Be careful not to harass, push or hurt anyone in the process). Hands should
not be placed on the silver ring when kissing the Hajjare Aswad.
If this is also not possible, then merely say the Takbeer when raising
the hands to the ears and commence the Tawaaf.
RAMAL: In the first three circuits of Tawaaf
it is Sunnat to make Ramal (for men only).
One should walk normally in the four remaining circuits.
Commence the Tawaaf by moving towards the door of the Ka'ba counter-clockwise). Move around the Ka'ba and the Hateem. It is Mustahab to place the right palm or both the palms on the Rukne Yamaanee during every round.
Touching it any other way or kissing it, is not recommended by the Shari'at.
When there are huge crowds or inconvenience is caused to others by touching the Rukne Yamaanee, omit it.
Perform Tawaaf with utmost humbleness, sincerity, dignity and respect. It is recommended that during Tawaaf ones behaviour and conduct be similar to that of Salaah. Looking about, pushing, mocking, etc. should be avoided.
It is Sunnah to recite the following Du'aas during Tawaaf:
Besides these, any other Du'aa could be recited. Making Zikr and reciting the Holy Qur'aan are also permissible. (Women should not raise their voices whilst making Du'aa.)
After completing the Tawaaf, perform two Rak'aats Waajib Salaah, behind Maqaame Ibrahim. If this is difficult, one may perform it at any other place (in the Musjide Haraam), preferably close to the Ka'ba.
These two Rak'aats should not be performed during the forbidden and Makrooh times, (i.e. at sunrise, Zawaal, sunset or after Asr Salaah).
For a Tawaaf performed after Asr, the two Waajib Rak'aats will be performed immediately after the three Farz of the Maghrib Salaah, and not after the Sunnah of the Maghrib Salaah.
It is Mustahab to recite Surah Kaafiroon in the first Rak'ah and Surah Ikhlaas in the second Rak'ah.
Remember: The two Rak'aats Waajib have to be performed for every complete Tawaaf, (i.e. seven circuits).
One should now proceed to the Multazam, (the area between the elevated
door (of the Ka'ba) and the Hajjare Aswad). Embrace this place by stretching
both the hands above the head and clinging to the wall of the Ka'ba. One
should make abundant Du'aa as this is also a place for the acceptance of
Du'aas. Shed as many tears as possible and make Du'aa most humbly and sincerely.
Make a lot of Du'aas at the well and also after drinking Zam-Zam. This is a place and time when Duas are accepted.
One should now return to the Hajjare Aswad and make Istilaam. While making Istilaam, say:
This Istilaam is Mustahab.
After this, proceed to Safa, (preferably through Babus Safa). On reaching Safa, climb onto the rock and facing the Ka'ba,. say the Niyyah, (which is Sunnah):
After the Niyyah, raise the hands parallel to the shoulders, the palms facing the heavens (as they are raised during Du'aa), and thereafter say the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahleel (Laa ilaha illallah), aloud and Durood Sharif silently.
TAKBEER (Allahu Akbar)
Make a lot of Du'aas here also, for this is a place where Du'aas are accepted as well. After the Du'aas, commence the Sa'ee, (seven rounds between Safa and Marwa) by moving towards Marwa, in the right lane. Walk at normal pace, and engage in Du'aa and Zikr. Also recite the following Du'aa repeatedly:
On reaching Batnul Waadi (the area between the two green columns and fluorescent lights) perform Sa'ee (slow running). Thereafter walk at normal pace again. The females will not do the slow running between the two green columns.
On reaching Marwah, do exactly the same as was done at Safa. Marwah is also a place where Du'aas are certainly accepted.
One Shawt (circuit-round) is now complete. Coming from Safa to Marwah is considered one Shawt, and returning to Safa another. Complete all seven Shawts in this manner, beginning the first Shawt at Safa and completing the seventh Shawt at Marwah, not forgetting to perform Sa'ee at Batnul Waadi in each Shawt. Engage in Du'aa between Safa and Marwah as they are accepted by Allah. After completing the seven Shawts [circuits), perform two Rak'aats Nafl Salaah.
NOTE: To perform the Sa'ee immediately after the Tawaaf is Sunnah. It is permissible to delay the Sa'ee due to tiredness or other circumstances. However, delaying without any valid Shar'ee reason will render the Sa'ee Makrooh.
Perform two Rak'aats Nafl Salaah on the boundary of the Mataaf (the area where Tawaaf is performed. If these two Rak'aats are omitted there will be no harm. After completing the Salaah, or the sevsn Shawts, it becomes Waajib to shave or trim the hair of the head, (if one to release his Ihraam).
Great care must be taken regarding this Mas'alah for at times some hair
remain shorter than the other.
It is Waajib for a bald person or a person who has wounds on his head to simply pass the razor over the head.
The females will not shave their heads. According to Shari'ah it is unlawful and Haraam for them to do so. In order to release herself from the Ihraam, a woman is only permitted to have her hair trimmed. The best method is that her hair be divided into three parts, keeping one section on her right, another to her left and one to her back thereafter hold each section separately and trim as much as the first joint of the fore finger (a little more than an inch) from each section. The womenfolk must have their hair trimmed in privacy and not on the streets, or the hairdresser. A non-Mahram is not permitted to trim, touch or even look at their hair. A Mahram who is no longer a Muhrim could do the trimming for her. She cannot trim her own hair to release herself from the Ihraam.
The shaving or trimming of the hair is the last of the actions of Umrah. All the restrictions imposed because of the Ihraam, will now be lifted. The Umrah is now complete. (Allah knows best).