4 - Ghusl
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Contents of Part 4
MORE ABOUT WATER
1. The water with which Wudhu or Ghusl has been made is called MUSTA'MAL
(used) WATER. This in itself is TAAHIR, but Wudhu or Ghusl is NOT ALLOWED
with this water.
2. Water from which DOGS, PIGS or ANIMALS of PREY have drunk is NAJIS
The water which a CAT drinks immediately after eating a mouse or any
other creature is NAJIS (Napaak).
Water left by a person who has just drunk WINE is also NAJIS (Napaak).
3. Water left by a cat (if it has not just eaten a mouse), a cow, buffalo
or hen that eats anything Napaak (filth), lizard, crow, kite, hawk, eagle
and all other Haraam birds is MAKROOH.
4. The water which has been left over after drinking by human beings,
Halaal animals, e.g. cows, goats, pigeons, doves and horses, is TAAHIR
3. All types of water will become NAJIS if NAJAASAT falls into them.
However, two types of water are excluded from this rule, namely:-
(a) Flowing water of river or sea and
(b) STORED water in LARGE QUANTITY e.g. large reservoir or huge tank.
5. Stored or standing water which covers an area of approximately 21
X 21 feet that is = 6.5m. X 6.5m) and is deep enough so that a person can
take out water with his hands without baring the ground, is regarded as
large quantity of water. Any tank or reservoir as big as that will be called
a BIG TANK or a BIG RESERVOIR.
7. Any animal or bird which has FLOWING BLOOD and falls into water
of a SMALL quantity and dies will make the water NAJIS (Napaak) e.g. birds,
fowls, pigeons, cats or mice etc.
8. The water of a big tank or reservoir becomes NAJIS when the TASTE,
COLOUR or SMELL of the NAJAASAT becomes apparent.
9. Animals that are born and live in. water e.g. fish, frogs etc. or
insects that do NOT have FLOWING BLOOD, e.g. flies, lizards frogs or ants
do not make the water NAJIS if they have to die inside the water.
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(CLEANLINESS) NIYYAT OF Ghusl (Bath)
TO MAKE THE NIYYAT FOR GHUSL IS SUNNAT. One should make the intention
of becoming PAAK (clean) from that HADAS (impurity) which he wishes to
get himself clean from, e.g.
I AM MAKING GHUSL TO BECOME CLEAN (PAAK) FROM JANAABAT
Hadase Akbar: NEED OF COMPULSORY BATH.
(Compulsory Acts) OF GHUSL
There are three farz in ghusl.
1.Passing water into and out of the mouth, i.e. GARGLING.
2. Putting water into the NOSTRILS.
3. Passing water over the entire body.
Note: if any of the FARAAID are left out or a HAIRS BREADTH place is
left dry the Ghusl will be INCOMPLETE.
There are five sunnats in ghusl.
1. Washing hands upto the wrists.
2. Washing the private parts and the parts over which uncleanliness
3. Niyyat of washing off Hukmi Najaasat.
4. Making Wudhu before washing the body.
5. Then passing water over the whole body thrice.
whilst making ghusl
1. Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy.
2. One should not face the Qibla whilst making Ghusl.
3. Ghusl may be performed standing or seated, preferably seated.
4. Use sufficient water. Do not skimp nor be wasteful.
5. Abstain from speaking whilst performing Ghusl.
6. It is better not to read any Kalimah or Aayah while bathing. Before
performing Ghusl one should make
7.Niyyah (intention) thus: I am performing Ghusl to become PAAK.
8. Without Niyyah there is no SAWAAB (reward) although Ghusl will be
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For Performing GHUSL
1. Wash both hands including the wrists.
2. Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed
even if one is not in the state of JANAABAT or NAJAASAT.
3. If there is NAJAASAT elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed
4. Perform Wudhu. If one is making Ghusl on a stool or platform where
water will rapidly flow away, then perform the complete Wudhu. If there
is a fear of the feet being dipped in waste water during the Ghusl then
postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. Ensure that the
mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed THRICE.
5. After performing Wudhu pour water over the head thrice.
6. Thereafter pour water thrice over the right shoulder and thrice
over the left shoulder.
7. Then pour water over the entire body and rub.
8. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet
all the hair upto the very base.
9. It is MUSTAHAB (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it.
If a single hair is left DRY, Ghusl will NOT be VALID.
If the hair of a woman are plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited
hair but it is COMPULSORY for her to wet the base of each and every hair,
If she fails to do so then the Ghusl will NOT be VALID.
As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT EXCUSED from
leaving their hair DRY.
If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of
her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplait her hair and
wash her entire hair.
All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hands to ensure that
water has reached all parts of the body and no portion is left dry.
10. Rings, earrings, etc. should be removed to ensure that no portion
covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and ears are all wet.
If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
11. On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If,
while performing Wudhu the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to
wash them again. Dry the body with a clean towel and dress as hastily as
12. If after Ghusl one recalls that a certain portion of the body is
It is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl. Merely wash the dry portion.
It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. If one
has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils, these too must be rinsed
when recalled after Ghusl has been performed.
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PERTAINING TO GHUSL
1. It is permissible to leave the head dry and wash the rest of the
body if it is harmful to apply water to the head due to some sickness or
ailment. However, once the person is cured of his sickness, it is wajib
to wash the head. Water has to flow over it.
2. Make haste in covering the body. One should not delay in wearing
one's clothes after completing the Ghusl. The Shar'iah emphasises this
so much that if the feet have not been washed as yet, then first put on
the clothes and thereafter wash the feet.
3. It is not necessary to remove the ointment from a cut or wound during
Ghusl. Just pour water over it.
4. After Ghusl, Wudhu should not be made to perform Salaat or for any
other Ibaadat since the Ghusl is sufficient.
It is preferable to cut the nails of the fingers and toes as well as
remove the hair from under the armpits and below the navel before taking
a bath. If one is in the state of Hadase Akbar or Janaabat then it is not
permissible to remove, cut or break any nails or hair from any part of
the body. Unwanted hair should preferably be removed once a week. If this
is not possible then every second week. Care should be taken that it is
not left for more than 40 days. Beyond 40 days the neglecter will be guilty
Note: It is compulsory for a person who is in the state of Janaabat
(impurity) to perform Ghusl.
It is also compulsory for a woman to have a bath after Haidh and Nifaas.
Haidh: the female monthly period of menstruation. The maximum period
is of ten days.
Nifaas: the blood which flows after childbirth. The maximum period
is forty days.
TO BE FOLLOWED IN CLIPPING OF THE FINGER AND TOE NAILS
Pairing of the fingernails should begin at the SHAHAADAT finger (index
finger of the right hand). The nails of the balance three fingers (of the
right hand) should be clipped next in order. Thereafter continue with the
small finger of the left hand and complete the remaining fingers and thumb
in sequence. Lastly, clip the nail of the right thumb. Clipping of the
toenails should begin at the small toe of the RIGHT foot and end at the
small toe of the LEFT foot in order.
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Teachings of Islam (Talim-ul-Haq)