Part 9 - Jumuah, Eidain and the Salah-Namaaz of a sick person

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Contents of Part 9 

Jumuah (Friday) Salaat 
Holy Quran: Surah Jumuah Ayat 9 
"O you who believe! When the call is made for Salaat on FRIDAY, then HASTEN to the REMEMBRANCE of ALLAH and LEAVE off BUSINESS. That is BETTER for you if you know. Thus, when the Salaat is completed, then disperse through the land and seek Allah's GRACE and REMEMBER Allah OFTEN that you may be SUCCESSFUL." 
(62:9 Q) 
Summary of Jumuah Salaat 
Jumuah - 14 Rakaats
After which 
comes the 
said in congregation
Jumu'ah Salaat is FARZ and more emphasis has been laid on it than on Zohar. There is no Zohar Farz Salaat on Friday. The Jumu'ah salaat has been fixed in place of Zohar Salaat. 

Jumu'ah Salaat is FARZ on all FREE, MAJOR, SANE, HEALTHY and MUQEEM MEN. 

It is NOT Farz on MINOR CHILDREN, SLAVES, MAD, SICK and BLIND PERSONS, MUSAFIRS, WOMEN and those who have some VALID EXCUSE e.g. fear of an enemy or very heavy hard rain. They should perform their ZOHAR Salaat instead. 

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The conditions for saying the Jumu'ah Salaat

1. The Jumu'ah salaat should be in a city, BIG VILLAGE or a TOWN like the city. It is NOT PROPER to perform the Jumu'ah salaat in a SMALL VILLAGE. 
2.Jumu'ah should be performed at Zohar time. 
3. KHUTBAH (address by the Imam) should be delivered BEFORE the salaat. 
4. The salaat should be read with Jamaat. It is compulsory to have at least three men besides the Imam to offer the salaat, or else the salaat will not be valid. 
5. IZNE AAM (permission to all to attend). 

If all these FIVE conditions are found, performing to the Jumu'ah Salaat will be CORRECT. 

The Masnoon method of delivering the Khutba

Before the Jumu'ah Salaat the Imaam should sit on the MIMBAR, (the raised platform in the Masjid) and the Moazzin should call out the Azaan in the presence of the Imam. The Imam should then stand up and deliver the KHUTBA facing the congregation. It is MAKROOHE TAHREEMEE to deliver the KHUTBAH in any language besides ARABIC. 

After the FIRST Khutba he should sit down for a while and then stand, up again for the SECOND Khutba. Thereafter the Imam should step down and stand in FRONT of the MEHRAAB or the ARCH. The Moazzin should call out the TAKBIR and those present should stand up and offer their Salaat with the IMAAM. 

The Azaan for the Khutba should be said in FRONT of the KHATEEB (the person delivering the Khutba) near the MIMBAR or from the SECOND or THIRD ROW of the Namaazis or at the END of the ROWS or from OUTSIDE the MASJID. It is ALLOWED in ALL the ways. 

Things not allowed during the khutba

1. Talking. 
2. Offering SUNNAT and NAFL Salaat. 
3. Eating. 
4. Drinking. 
5. To reply to any TALK. 
6. Reciting the QURAAN SHARIF, etc. 

All those things, which DISTURB the Khutba, become MAKROOH from the minute the Imam prepares to deliver the Khutba. 

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Salaat of the Eidain

Things which are MUSTAHAB and SUNNAT on EID DAYS: 

1. To take a BATH and do MISWAAK. 
2. To put on one's BEST CLOTHES. 
3. To use ITR. 
4. To take DATES or any other SWEETS before going for the EIDUL FITR Salaat. 
5. To give SADAQATUL FITR BEFORE going for the EIDUL FITR Salaat. 
6. To perform the Eid Salaat at the EID GAAH (a place fixed for EID Salaat outside the population). 
7. To go by FOOT. 
8. To go by ONE ROUTE and return by ANOTHER. 
9. NOT to perform NAFL at HOME or at the EID GAAH BEFORE and AFTER the EID Salaat. 
10. To EAT the MEAT of QURBAANI (sacrifice) of one's own offering, after the EIDUL ADHAA Salaat. 

  • On EIDUL FITR one should say TAKBIR in a LOW voice while going for Salaat.
  • It is MUSTAHAB to say TAKBIR ALOUD while going for EIDUL ADHAA Salaat.
  • Both the Eid Salaat are WAAJIB upon all those on whom the JUMU'AH Salaat is FARZ.
  • The conditions for Eid Salaat are the same as those for Jumu'ah.
  • However, KHUTBA is NOT Farz for EID nor is it Farz to be said BEFORE the Salaat.
  • KHUTBA after Salaat is SUNNAT.
  • There are TWO Rak'aats in each of the TWO Eid Salaat with SIX extra TAKBIRS.
  • There is NO Azaan or Iqaamat.
How to perform the Eid Salaat

First of all the NIYYAT should be made follows: 
"I am performing TWO Rak'aat Eidul Fitr (or Eidul Adha) Wajib with six extra Takbirs behind this imam, (Allahu Akbar)." 
Fold the HANDS after the Takbeer and read THANA. 

1. Then raising both hands upto the EARS bring them down, saying Allahu Akbar. 
2. Do the same for the second time. 
3. For the third time raise the hands upto the ears and saying Takbir fold them below the navel. 

The Imam should read the Ta'awwuz Tasmiah and Surah Faatiha along with another Surah and then go into RUKU: 

1. When all stand up for the SECOND Rak'at, the Imam should recite the QIRAAT and after that all should say TAKBIR and raise the hands upto the ears and let them down. 
2. Again the hands should be raised upto the ears for the second Takbir and let down. 
3. For the THIRD Takbir the hands should also be raised upto the ears and let down. 
4. Then saying the FOURTH Takbir everyone should go into Ruku and complete the Salaat as usual. 
5. Then the Imam should stand up and deliver the Khutba and all should sit SILENTLY and HEAR the same. 
6. There are TWO Khutbas also for Eidain. The Imam's sitting for a while between the two is MASNOON. 
7. It is WAAJIB to LISTEN to the Khutba of Eidain. 

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Namaaz of a sick person

A person is ALLOWED to perform SALAAT in the SITTING POSITION under these circumstances: 

  • When a SICK person has NO STRENGTH to STAND and perform his Salaat.
  • STANDING causes him GREAT PAIN.
  • It may INCREASE his ILLNESS.
  • When a SICK person is ABLE to STAND but CANNOT go into RUKU or SAJDA.
  • If a person does NOT have the strength to make RUKU or SAJDA, then the Ruku and Sajda must be made by ISHARA (gestures) i.e. BOWING the HEAD SLIGHTLY for RUKU and MORE for SAJDA.
  • If a person CANNOT perform his Salaat SITTING, then he should perform it LYING DOWN.
  • E.g. LIE down on the BACK with the LEG towards the QIBLA.
  • The LEGS should NOT be STRETCHED but the KNEES should be RAISED.
  • The HEAD should REST at a HIGH LEVEL with a PILLOW under it.
  • The Salaat must be made by ISHARA (gesture), but for SAJDA he should BOW his HEAD MORE than for RUKU.
  • If the KNEES CANNOT be RAISED then one CAN STRETCH one's LEGS towards the QIBLA but the HEAD should be RAISED and FACING the QIBLAH
  • One may also LIE down on the RIGHT SIDE with the HEAD towards the QIBLA or on the LEFT SIDE with the HEAD towards the QIBLA. However, it is PREFERABLE to LIE on the RIGHT SIDE.
  • If a person FAINTS for LESS than a FULL DAY and NIGHT, he MUST perform the missed number of Salaat.
  • However, if he FAINTS for a FULL day and night or more, he must not perform the Salaat he has missed. He is EXEMPTED from performing them and there is NO QAZAA.
  • If the patient has NO STRENGTH even to MOVE the HEAD for ISHARA (gesture), then one should NOT perform the Salaat.
  • If this condition continues for MORE than a DAY and NIGHT, one will NOT be BOUND to perform QAZA for the missed number of Salaat.
  • If one GAINS the strength of moving the HEAD for ISHARA (gesture) within a day or night or in a period lesser than that, the QAZA will have to be performed for the five or lesser Salaat.
  • N.B. TAYAMMUM is PERMITTED when it is KNOWN by one's OWN EXPERIENCE or a GOOD DOCTOR says that the USE of WATER would DEFINITELY be INJURIOUS to one's HEALTH.
  • If a sick person's bedding is NAJIS (impure) and changing it would cause great inconvenience to the patient, then Namaaz may be performed on the same bedding.
  • A PARALYSED person or one who is so sick that he cannot use water for ISTINJA should use toilet paper or something absorbent or dry clay to clean himself.
  • If he cannot do this also, he should perform his Salaat without even making Istinja.
  • One who has undergone eye surgery and is not allowed to shake his head by the doctor, should perform his Salaat lying down.
  • TAYAMMUM should be made if he cannot make WUDHU. If he cannot perform Tayammum himself, he may be assisted.
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The Namaaz of Istikharaah

When a person wishes to carry out some important work, guidance should be sought from Allah Ta'ala. This seeking of guidance is called ISTIKHAARAH. Nabi (peace and blessings be upon him) has mentioned that a person who does not seek guidance from Allah Ta'aala and does not carry out Istikhaarah is deprived of all good and is unfortunate. Insha-Allah there will be no regret if Istikhaarah is made before accepting a proposal for marriage, travel, important business or any other important task. Perform two Rak'aats Nafil Salaat. Thereafter praise Allah by saying  

Thereafter recite Durood upon Nabi (peace and blessings be upon him) 
and recite the du’aa of Istikharaah: 

Upon reaching the underlined words think of the reason and work for which Istikhaarah is being made. Thereafter, sleep on a clean bedding with Wudhu facing the Qiblah. 
Upon awaking carry out that task on which the heart is firm. If one cannot reach a solution on the first day, Istikhaarah should be continued until the seventh day. Insha-Allah by this period the doubt will be over. One should not make istikhaarah for performing a Farz duty, e.g. should I perform Hajj or not. Istikhaarah should rather be made to determine the time of travel for Hajj, e.g. When should I travel for Hajj? 

Salaatut Taubah

If a person has committed any sin, perform two Rak'aats Salaat and thereafter recite Durood upon Nabi (peace and blessings be upon him). Be ashamed and regret over the sin and seek Allah's pardon by a firm pledge saying: Oh Allah! I shall not commit this sin again. Oh Allah! forgive me. 
By the grace of Allah Ta'aala the sin will be forgiven. 

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