The festival of Eid is on the 10th of Zillhijjah; it is one of the two celebrated days of the year in the Islamic calender. Qurbani (Sacrifices of Animals) are made on this day and its meat distributed amongst family and the Needy. Muslims normally spend time with their family and friends. Muslim males visit the graves of those that have passed away although visiting the graveyard regularly is recommended and not restricted to the two Eids.
The following acts are Sunnah on the day of Eid ul Adha:
1. To wake up early in the morning
2. To clean one’s teeth with a miswaak
3. To have a bath
4. To put on one’s best available clothes
5. To use ittar (permissible perfume)
6. Not to eat before the Eid prayer
7. To recite the Takbir of Tashreeq in a loud voice while going to Eid prayer
The Eid prayer has two rak’ats performed in the normal way, with six additional Takbirs, three of them in the beginning of the first rak’at and three of them just before ru’ku in the second rak’at. The detailed way of performing the Eid prayer is as follows:
The Imaam will begin the prayer without adhan or iqamah. He will begin the prayer by reciting Takbir of Tahrimah (Allahu Akbar). You should raise your hands upto the ears, and reciting the Takbir, you should set your hands on your navel. The Imam will give a little pause during which you should recite Tha-na. After the completion of Thana, the Imaam will recite 3 additional Takbirs. At the first two calls of Takbir you should raise your hands upto the ears, and after reciting Takbir in a low voice, you should bring your hands down and leave them down by your side. But, after the third Takbir, you should set them on your navel as you do in the normal prayers.
After these three Takbirs, the Imaam will recite the Holy Qur’an which you should listen calmly and quietly. The rest of the rak’at will be performed in the normal way.
After getting up for the second rak’at, the Imaam will begin the recitation from the Holy Qur’an during which again you should remain calm and quiet. When the Imaam finishes his recitation, he will recite three Takbirs once again, but this time it will be just before bowing down for ruku. At each Takbir, you should raise your hands upto the ears, and after saying ‘Allahu Akbar’, bring them down and leave them downwards. After these three Takbirs have been called and completed, the Imam will say another Takbir for bowing down into the ruku position. At this Takbir you need not raise your hands. You just bow down for your ruku saying ‘Allahu Akbar’. The rest of the Salaah will be performed in its normal manner.
In the Salaah of Eid, Khutbah is a Sunnah and is delivered after the Salaah, unlike the Salaah of Jumuah, where it is farz and is delivered before the Salaah. However, listening to the Khutbah of Eid Salaah is waajib or necessary and must be heard in perfect peace and silence.
It is a Sunnah that the imam begins the first Khutbah by reciting Takbir nine times and the second Khutbah reciting it seven times.
Note The way of Eid prayer described above is according to the ‘Hanafi’ school of Muslim jurists. Some other jurists like Imam Shafi’i, have some other ways to perform it. They recite Takbir twelve times before beginning the recitations of the Holy Qur’an in both the rak’at. If the Imam, being of the Shafi’i school, follows this way, you can also follow him. Both ways are based on the practice of the Holy Prophet .
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