Virtues Of Suwar (Surahs) Of
The Holy Qur’aan

By
Students of Darul Uloom, Bury, UK

Contents

Virtues of Reciting the Holy Qur’aan
The Virtues of Surah Fatihah
The Virtues of Surah Baqarah
The Virtues of Aayatul Kursi (The Verse of The Throne)
The Virtues of the Concluding Verses of Surah Baqarah
The Virtues of Surah Baqarah & Surah Aale Imran
The Virtues of Surah Nisaa
The Virtues of Surah An’aam
The Virtues of Surah Hud
The Virtues of Surah Kahf
The Virtue of Surah Ta ha
The Virtues of Surah Sajdah
The Virtues of Surah Yaseen
The Virtues of Surah Zumar
The Virtues of Surah Mu’min
The Virtues of Surah Dukhan
The Virtues of Surah Rahman
The Virtues of Surah Waqi’ah
The Virtues of Surah Hadid
The Virtues of Surah Mulk
The Virtues of Surah A’laa
The Virtues of Surah Zilzaal
The Virtues of Surah Takathur
The Virtues of Surah Kafiroon
The Virtues of Surah Ikhlaas
 

Virtues of Reciting the Holy Qur’aan

The Holy Qur’aan should be recited daily. Here we mention some Ahaadith with regards to the excellence of reciting the Holy Qur’aan:

"Recite the Holy Qur’aan for it will come as an intercessor for its reciter on the Day of Judgement."

"Allah Ta’ala says, "If anyone finds no time for My remembrance and for begging My favours due to remaining engaged in the recitation of the Qur’aan, I shall give him more than what I give to all those who beg favours of Me." The superiority of the word of Allah over all other words is like the superiority of Allah over the entire creation."

"Learn the Qur’aan and recite it, because the example of one who learns the Qur’aan, reads it and recites it in Tahajjud is like an open bag full of musk whose fragrance permeates the entire place. And the person who has learned the Qur’aan but sleeps while the Qur’aan is in the heart is like a bag full of musk with its mouth closed.

"Whoever recites one letter of the Book of Allah, for him will be one hasanah (blessing); and one hasanah is worth ten others. I do not say that Alif Laam Meem is one letter, but Alif is one letter, Laam is one letter and Meem is one letter."

"Envy is not permitted except in respect of two persons - one whom Allah blesses with the recitation of the Qur’aan and he remains engaged in it day and night, and the other is one who is given abundance of wealth by Allah and he spends it (in Allah’s path) day and night."

"It will be said to the reciter of the Qur’aan (on the Day of Qiyaamah), "Go on reciting the Qur’aan and continue ascending the stages of Jannah; and recite it in the same manner as you had been reciting it in the worldly life; your final abode will be where you reach when you read the last aayah of your recitation."

"One who recites the Qur’aan and is well versed in it (i.e. its recitation), will be in the company of angels who are scribes, noble and righteous; and one who falters in its recitation and has to exert himself, will get double the reward."

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The Virtues of Surah Fatihah

1. Hazrat Abu Saeed ibn Al-Mu’alla radiyallahu anhu said, "While I was praying in the Masjid, the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam called me. I did not answer him then, but went to him afterwards and explained that I had been praying, whereupon he asked me whether Allah Ta’ala had not said, ‘Respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you.’ adding, ‘Let me teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’aan before you leave the Masjid.’ He then took me by the hand and when we were about to go out I reminded him of his promise to me that he would teach me the greatest Surah in the Qur’aan. He said, Surah Fatihah which is the seven oft-repeated verses in the Mighty Qur’aan which has been given to me."

2. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that when Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam once asked Ubayy ibn Ka’ab radiyallahu anhu, what he recited in his prayers. He replied Umm-ul Qur’aan (Surah Fatihah) the Holy Prophet radiyallahu anhu proclaimed, "By Him in whose dominion my soul is, nothing like it has been revealed in the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, or the Qur’aan and it is seven of the oft-repeated verses in the Mighty Qur’aan which I have been given."

3. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone observes a prayer in which he does not recite Umm-ul Qur’aan, it is deficient (he said this three times) and incomplete."

When someone said to Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu that we remain behind the Imaam, he replied, "Recite it inwardly," for he had heard Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam declare that Allah Most High had said, "I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks.’

When the servant says, ‘Praise be to Allah Lord of the Universe.’

Allah most high says, ‘My servant has praised Me.’

When he says, ‘The Compassionate the Merciful.’

Allah most high says, ‘My servant has lauded Me.’

When he says, ‘Possessor of the Day of Judgement.’

He says, ‘My servant has glorified me,’

When he says, ‘Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help.’

He says, ‘This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks.’

Then when he says, ‘Guide us in the straight path, the path of those whom thou hast favoured; not of those with whom Thou art angry nor of those who go astray.’

He says, ‘This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks."

4. Hazrat Abdul Malik ibn Umair radiyallahu anhu reports that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "In Surah Fatihah there is a cure for all ailments."

5. Ambari in his ‘Kitaabur-Rad’ through his own chain of narrators has mentioned from Mujahid ibn Jabr rahmatullahi alaihe that Iblees the accursed of Allah Ta’ala lamented on four occasions: first when he was cursed; secondly when he was cast out of Heaven to the Earth; thirdly when Hazrat Muhammad sallallahu alaihe wasallam was given the Prophethood; fourthly when Surah Fatihah was revealed and it was revealed in Madinah.

6. Hazrat Abu Saeed radiyallahu anhu has said, "We were out on a journey. After a while we stopped to camp. Suddenly a girl came along saying that the chief of the clan has been bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and our menfolk are away from home. Is there anybody amongst you who can recite Ruqyah (incantations)? Whereupon a man stood up with her, we never used to cast any suspicion on him regarding him reciting Ruqyah (incantations). Nevertheless, he recited some charm on the chief and he was healed. Then the chief ordered 30 goats to be given to him, and he gave us milk to drink. When he returned we inquired, "Do you really know this science (or we inquired, were you reading spells)?"

He replied, "I merely read Surah Fatihah."

We said, "Don’t say a word about this till we return (or until we ask Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam)."

When we came to Madinah, we brought this incident to the notice of Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam . Thus he replied, "And how did he know that Surah Fatihah is read as a Ruqyah (incantation)? Divide and assign a share for me as well."

(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Muslim and Sunan Abu Dawood)
 7. Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrates that once Jibraeel u was sitting with the Apostle sallallahu alaihe wasallam when all of a sudden he heard a noise from above and raised his head. Thereafter he said, "This is a door of heaven which has been opened today and never has it been opened save this day, and from there has descended an angel." The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam further said, "This is an angel which has come down to Earth and never has he come down but this day. He has given greetings and has said, ‘Receive the good news of two lights, which have been bestowed on you, which no Prophet before you has been bestowed with. One is Surah Fatihah and the other, the concluding portion of Surah Baqarah, you will recite no word of it but you will be granted reward for it."
(Sahih Muslim)
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The Virtues of Surah Baqarah

This Surah has excellent qualities and it gains great reward for its reader, it is called the pavilion of the Qur’aan. Khalid ibn Ma’dan has said that, the reason of this is that, this Surah has great virtues and contains law, commands and advice in abundance. Hazrat Umar radiyallahu anhu learnt this Surah along with acquiring its understanding in 12 years and his son Hazrat Abdullah radiyallahu anhu in 8 years.

1. Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudri radiyallahu anhu relates from Usaid ibn Hudhair radiyallahu anhu saying that one night he was reciting Surah Baqarah with his mare tied beside him. It began to run round in circles so he stopped reciting due to which the mare stopped moving. He resumed his recitation and again it went round in circles, so he stopped reciting and it stopped moving. Once more he recited and even on this occasion the mare moved round in circles, so he terminated his Qur’aanic recital, for his son Yahya was near it and he was afraid it might injure him. When he had moved him back he raised his head towards the sky and saw something like a canopy, which appeared to have lamps in it. When he told the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam of it in the morning, he said, "You should keep on reciting Ibn Hudhair, you should keep on reciting Ibn Hudhair."

He replied, "I was afraid, O’ Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam , that it might trample on Yahya who was near by. Therefore, I went to him, and when I raised my head to the sky and saw something like a canopy, which appeared to have lamps in it. I went out but could not see them."

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked whether he knew what it was and when he replied in the negative, he said, "Those were the angels who had drawn near to listen to your voice. If you had continued reciting, the people would have looked at them in the morning and they would not have concealed themselves from them."

Muslim has narrated, "They went up into the air" instead of "I went out."

2. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam to have said, "Do not make your houses graveyards. The devil flees from the house in which Surah Baqarah is recited."

(Muslim)


3. Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu has been reported to have said that, "Everything has a hump and the hump of the Qur’aan is Surah Baqarah. Everything has a core and the core of the Qur’aan is Surah Al-Mufassal."

(Da’ramee)


4. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu has said that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam sent a large army in a Jihad campaign, thereupon he asked every one of them to read that much Qur’aan which one knew. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam happened to pass by the most elderly in age, so he asked how much Qur’aan he knew. The man replied this much and this much and Surah Baqarah. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "Now go, for you are their Ameer (Leader)."

Upon this a noble man said, "Nothing prevented me from learning Surah Baqarah but I was afraid that I could not keep its commandments."

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam further stated, "Learn the Qur’aan and keep reciting it. Because the similitude of the Qur’aan for one who learns, recites and uses it in prayer at night is a bag filled with Musk whose fragrance diffuses itself everywhere; and he who learns it and goes to sleep having it within him is like a bag with Musk tied up in it."

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The Virtues of Aayatul Kursi (The Verse of The Throne)

1. It is narrated from Hazrat Ubay ibn Ka’b radiyallahu anhu that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked, "Abu Mundhir, do you know which verse of Allah’s book that you have is greatest?"

I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He repeated his question and I said, "Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum."

Thereupon he struck me on the chest and said, "May Knowledge be pleasant for you Abu Mundhir!"

(Muslim)


2. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu said, "Allah’s Messenger appointed me to take charge of the Zakah of Ramadhaan, hence someone came to me and began to take up handfuls of the food. I seized him and told him I was certainly going to take him to Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam . However, when he said, "I am needy, I have children dependent on me, and I have a pressing need." I let him go.

In the morning the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked, "What happened to your prisoner last night, Abu Hurairah?"

I replied, "O’ Messenger of Allah, he complained of great need and of having children dependant on him, so I had pity on him and let him go."

He said, "He lied to you and he will come back." I realised that he would return because Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam had told me so. Therefore, I lay waiting for him. When he came and began to take up handfuls of food, I seized him and told him I am certainly going to take you before Allah’s Messenger.

He said, "Let me go, for I am needy with children dependant on me, and I shall not return." I had pity on him and let him go.

In the morning, Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked me, "What happened to your prisoner, Abu Hurairah?"

I replied, "Messenger of Allah, he complained of great need and of having children dependent on him, so I had pity on him and let him go."

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "He has certainly lied to you, and he will come back."

So, I lay in wait for him, and when he came back and took up handfuls of food I seized him and said, "I am certainly going to take you before Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam , for this is third instance you are asserting you will not return but you always do."

He said, "If you let me go I will teach you some words by which Allah will reward you. When you go to your bed recite the Verse of the Throne, till you finish the verse, for a guardian from Allah will then remain over you and no devil will come near you till the morning."

Therefore, I let him go, and in the morning Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked me, "What happened to your prisoner."

I replied, "He asserted that he would teach me some words by which Allah will benefit me."

He said, "He certainly told you the truth though he is a great liar. Do you know whom you have been talking to for three nights?" When I replied that I did not, he said, "That was a devil."

(Bukhari)


3. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites in the morning, Ha-Meem (of Surah Mumin) to Ilayhil Maseer (3rd aayah of the surah) and Aayatul Kursi, he will be guarded (from all kinds of evil) by them till the evening. And if anyone recites them in the evening he will be guarded by them till the morning."

(Tirmizi)


4. Hazrat Abu Umamah radiyallahu anhu relates that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Whoever recites Aayatul Kursi after every obligatory prayer nothing except death prevents him from entering heaven." (That is say that the only thing that is preventing him from entering heaven is death. When it will come, he will go straight into paradise).

(Nasai)


5. Hazrat Umar radiyallahu anhu one day came out towards people who were in an orderly line and asked, "Who will tell me the greatest verse in the Qur’aan?" Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu replied, "You have come across somebody who is acquainted with this, for I have heard Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "The greatest verse in the Qur’aan is Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum."

(Ibn Mardawayh)


6. Hazrat Asma binte Yazid radiyallahu anhu has been reported to have said, "I have heard Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, ‘In these two verses; Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum and Alif Laam Meem Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum (Surah Ale-Imran) is Allah’s greatest name."

(Ahmad)


7. Hazrat Abu Umamah radiyallahu anhu reports this Hadith from Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam Hazrat Umamah radiyallahu anhu says, "Allah’s greatest name when asked by and supplicated by grants the prayer is in three Surahs: Surah Baqarah; Surah Ale-Imran and Surah Ta-Ha."

(Ibn Kathir)


Note: The narrator of the above hadith is referring to the verse; Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum in Surah Baqarah, Alif Laam Meem Allahu La ilaha illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum in Surah Ale-Imran and Wa Anatil Wujoohu Lil Hayyul Qayyum in Surah Ta-Ha.

8. Hazrat Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah rahmatullahi alaihe reports that when the Verse of the Throne was revealed all the idols in the world fell to the ground. Likewise every king of the world went into prostration, and their crowns fell off from their heads and the satans fled toppling over each other until they came to Iblees and informed him of the strange happenings. Iblees ordered them to go in search for this. So they came to Madinah and discovered the revelation of Aayatul Kursi.

(Qurtubi)


9. It is reported that once Hazrat Umar radiyallahu anhu confronted a jinn and overcame him in combat, upon this the jinn pleaded, "Let me go, and I will teach you something through which you can gain protection from us." Hazrat Umar radiyallahu anhu let him go and asked the jinn about this. The jinn replied, "You people can gain protection from us through Aayatul Kursi."

(Qurtubi)


10. Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu says, "I heard the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying from the pulpit, ‘Whoever recites the Verse of the Throne after every prayer nothing save death prevents him from entering paradise. Only a Siddiq or a worshipper will be constant in its reading. And who ever shall recite it when he retires to bed, Allah Ta’ala will grant him, his neighbour, his neighbour’s neighbour and the surrounding houses safety and protection."

(Qurtubi)


11. When Hazrat Abdur Rahman ibn Awf radiyallahu anhu used to enter his house, he used to recite Aayatul Kursi in all four corners of the house, to keep satan away.

(Qurtubi)


12. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu says that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked one of his companions, "Are you married?"

The companion replied, "No! In fact I don’t possess enough wealth with which to carry out my marriage."

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam asked, "Do you know Surah Iklaas (Qul huwallahu ahad)?"

The companion replied, "Yes."

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "It is equal to one fourth of the Qur’aan." Then the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam enquired, "Do you know Surah Zil-Zal (Iza zul zilatil ardhu)?"

The companion replied, "Yes, I do."

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "It is equal to one fourth of the Qur’aan." The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam again asked, "Do you know iza ja’a nasrullah?"

The companion replied, "Indeed."

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "It is equal to one fourth of the Qur’aan." The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam again asked, "Do you know Aayatul Kursi?"

The companion replied, "Indeed."

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "It is equal to one fourth of the Qur’aan."

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The Virtues of the Concluding Verses of Surah Baqarah

1. Hazrat Abu Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites the two verses at the end of Surah Baqarah at night, they will be enough for him." (This either means that he will not need to indulge in Tahajjud prayer, these verses will compensate for it or they will be enough in protecting him overnight.)

2. Hazrat Nu’man ibn Bashir radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Two thousand years before creating the Heavens and the Earth Allah inscribed a book from which He sent down two verses, with which He concluded Surah Al-Baqarah. The devil will not come near a house in which they are recited for three nights."

3. Aifa ibn Abdul Kilai radiyallahu anhu told of a man who asked Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam which Surah of the Qur’aan was the greatest and was told that it is Surah Ikhlaas (Qul huwallahu ahad). He asked which verse of the Qur’aan was greatest and was told that it is the Throne Verse (Allahu La ilaah illa Huwal Hayyul Qayyum). He asked, "O’ Prophet of Allah which verse would you like for yourself and your Ummah?"

The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam replied, "The end of Surah Al-Baqarah, for it is one of the treasures of Allah’s Mercy, kept under his throne which he gave to this Ummah, and there is no good in this world and the next which it does not include."

4. Shabi rahmatullahi alaihe says that Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu has said, "Whoever prays at night ten verses of Surah Baqarah the devil will not come to that house until morning: Its first four verses, the Throne and the two verses following it and its last three verses, the first being lillahi maa fis samaawaati."

5. Jubair ibn Nufair reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Allah Ta’ala finished Surah Baqarah with two verses which I have been given from His treasure which is under the Throne; so learn them and teach them to your women-folk for they are a blessing, a means of approach (to Allah Ta’ala) and a supplication."

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The Virtues of Surah Baqarah & Surah Aale Imran

1. Abu Umaamah radiyallahu anhu said he heard Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam say, "Recite the Qur’aan, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for those who recite it. Recite the two shining ones, Baqarah and Surah Aale Imran, for one the day of resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks pleading for those who recite them. Recite Surah Al-Baqarah, for reading it produces blessing and abandoning it causes regret, and the Batalah are unable to recite it." (Some have translated Batalah as magicians).

2. Nawas ibn Sam’aan radiyallahu anhu said he heard the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam say, "On the Day of Resurrection the Qur’aan and those who acted according to it will be brought with Surah Al-Baqarah and Aale Imran preceding them like two black clouds or canopies with light between them, or two flocks of birds in ranks pleading for the one who recited them."

3. Makhul said, "If one recites Aale Imran on a Friday, the angels will invoke blessings on him till night comes."

4. Hazrat Usman ibn Affan radiyallahu anhu said, "If anyone recites the end of Surah Aale Imran at night, the reward for a night spent in prayer will be recorded for him."

5. Imaam Qurtubi rahmatullahi alaihe reports Abu Salil saying that a man started bleeding, he then took refuge in the valley of Majanna, in which no one lay a foot but was harmed by a snake. At the edge of the valley were two monks, when night fell one monk said to the other, "By Allah this man will perish."

Abu Salil says that the man started reciting Surah Aale Imran. The monks said, "This man has read Surah Taibah may he be saved."

Abu Salil says that the man was safe and sound in the morning.

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The Virtues of Surah Nisaa

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu has said, "Verily there are 5 verses in Surah Nisaa and in place of these verses this world and all that is in is does not please me."

(i) "If you avoid great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise)."

(Surah Nisaa:31)


(ii) "Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward."

(Surah Nisaa:40)


(iii) "Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin."

(Surah Nisaa:48)


(iv) "If they (the hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you (Muhammad sallallahu alaihe wasallam) and begged Allah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had begged forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed the All-Forgiving (One who accepts repentance), Most Merciful."

(Surah Nisaa:64)


(v) "And whoever earns a sin, he earns it only against himself. And Allah is every All-Knowing, All-Wise."

(Surah Nisaa:110)


This statement of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu has been recorded by Ibn Jareer.

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The Virtues of Surah An’aam

1. Hazrat Abu Jafar through his chain of transmission narrates from Hazrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu anhu, saying that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Surah An’aam was revealed along with it were a host of angels covering both sides of the sky. They were singing praises and the Earth was shaking because of them." and Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was saying, "Glorified is my tremendous mighty Lord." three times.

(Qurtubi)


2. Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu said, "Surah An’aam is from the core of the Qur’aan."

(Qurtubi)


3. Mahdawi has mentioned that the commentators of the Qur’aan have said that the Torah was commenced with Alhamdu lillahilazee khalaqas samaawaati wal ardh (the first verse of Surah An’aam) and it has been terminated with verse Alhamdu lillahillazee lam yattakhiz waladaw walam yakul lahu shareekun fil mulki (the last verse of Surah Bani Israeel).

(Qurtubi)


4. Hazrat Jabir radiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "Whoever prays the first three verses of Surah An’aam until Wa ya‘lamu ma taksibun, Allah Ta’ala appoints for him one thousand angels who record his worship similar of their own. And an angel descends from the seventh heaven, with a crooked rod of iron. Now when the satan wishes to whisper to the reciter or drive into his heart the inclination of some sin the angel hits the satan such a hard blow that seventy barriers form between the satan and the reciter. And on Resurrection Day Allah Ta’ala will say to him, ‘Walk in My shade this day in which besides My shade no other shade exists. And eat the fruits of My paradise and drink from the pool of Kawthar, and take a wash from the spring of Salsabeel, for you are My servant and I am your Lord."

(Qurtubi)
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The Virtues of Surah Hud

Hazrat Ka’b radiyallahu anhu says that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Recite Surah Hud on Friday."

(Daree)
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The Virtues of Surah Kahf

1. Hazrat Al Baraa said that when a man was reciting Surah Kahf with a horse tied with two ropes at one side. Suddenly a cloud overshadowed him, and as it began to come nearer and nearer, his horse began to take fright. He went and mentioned it to the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam in the morning and he said, "That was tranquillity which came down by reason of the Qur’aan."

2. Hazrat Abu Darda radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "If anyone memorises ten verses from the beginning of Surah Kahf, he will be protected from the Dajjal (Anti-Christ)."

(Muslim)


3. Hazrat Abu Darda radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Anyone who reads the first three verses of Surah Kahf, he will be protected from the trial of the Dajjal (Anti-Christ)."

(Tirmizi)
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The Virtue of Surah Ta ha







Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "A thousand years before creating the Heavens and the Earth Allah Ta’ala recited Ta ha and Yaseen. And when the angels heard the recitation they said, ‘Glad tidings for those people to whom this comes down, good news for those hearts which carry this and good news for those tongues which utter this."

(Darimee)
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The Virtues of Surah Sajdah

1. Hazrat Jabir radiyallahu anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam would not retire to bed until he had read Alif Laam Tanzeel and Surah Tabaarak.

(Tirmizi)


2. Hazrat Khalid ibn Ma’dan radiyallahu anhu said, "Recite the Deliverer, which is Alif Laam Tanzeel, for I have heard that a man who had committed many sins used to recite it and nothing else. It spread its wing over him and said, ‘O’ My Lord, forgive him, for he often used to recite me.’ So the Lord Most High made it an intercessor for him and said, ‘Record for him a good deed and raise him a degree in place of every sin." Hazrat Khalid radiyallahu anhu also said, "It will dispute on behalf of the one who recites it when he is in his grave saying, ‘O’ Allah, if I am part of Thy Book, make me an intercessor for him. But if I am not a part of Thy Book, blot me out of it.’ It will be like a bird putting its wing on him, it will intercede for him and will protect him from the punishment in the grave." He said the same about Tabaarakallazi (Surah Mulk). Hazrat Khalid radiyallahu anhu did not go to sleep at night till he had recited them. Taus said that they were given sixty virtues more than any other Surah in the Holy Qur’aan.

(Darimee)
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The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

1. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Everything has a heart and the heart of the Holy Qur’aan is Yaseen. Allah Ta’ala will record anyone who recites Yaseen as having recited the Holy Qur’aan ten times."

(Tirmizi, Darimee)


2. Hazrat Ata ibn Abu Rabah radiyallahu anhu told of hearing that Allah Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "If anyone recites Yaseen at the beginning of the day, his needs will be fulfilled."

(Darimee)


3. Hazrat Maqil ibn Yasaar Muzani radiyallahu anhu reported the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites Yaseen for Allah’s pleasure, his past sins will be forgiven; so recite it on those who are dying."

(Baihaqi)


4. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu reported Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Whoever goes to the graveyard and reads Surah Yaseen Allah Ta’ala gives them (the grave dwellers) ease that day, and the reciter receives spiritual blessings equivalent to the amount of letters of Surah Yaseen."

(Qurtubi)


5. Hazrat Maqil ibn Yasaar radiyallahu anhu reports that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Recite Surah Yaseen on those who are dying."

(Abu Dawood)


6. Hazrat Ummud Darda radiyallahu anhu reports the Noble Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Over no person who is about to die and Surah Yaseen is read upon them but Allah Ta’ala lightens the difficulties of death for him."

(Qurtubi)


7. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu says that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Whoever recites Surah Yaseen at night seeking the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala, that night he will be forgiven."

(Abu Nuaym)


8. Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anhu reports Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Indeed in the Noble Qur’aan there is a Surah, for its reading will intercede and will be a means of forgiveness for its listener. Listen carefully, it is Surah Yaseen, in the Torah it is called Muimmah."

It was enquired, "O’ Messenger of Allah, what is Muimmah?"

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam replied, "It contains for its reader the benefits of this world, it removes from him the dread of the next life, and it is called Dafiah and Qadhiyah."

Again it was enquired, "How is this Surah Dafiah and Qadhiyah?"

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam replied, "It takes away from its reader all afflictions and fulfills his need. Whoever recites it, it will be made equal to twenty pilgrimages. Whoever shall listen to it, it will be as thousand dinars, which he has given as charity in the path of Allah. And whoever shall write it and then drink it, it will enter into his heart a thousand cures, a thousand radiant lights, a thousand times more increase in belief, a thousand mercies, a thousand blessings, a thousand times more increase in guidance, and will remove from him all gall and disease."

(Al-Tha’labi, Hakeem Tirmizi in Nawadrul Usoos)


9. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reports the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Whoever recites Surah Yaseen on the eve of Friday he will be forgiven by morning."

(Qurtubi)


10. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reports the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Whoever recites Surah Yaseen at night he will be forgiven in the morning, and whoever recites that Surah Haameen in which Dukhaan is mentioned he will be forgiven in the morning."

(Abu Ya’la)


11. Hazrat Jundub ibn Abdullah radiyallahu anhu narrates that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, "Whoever reads Yaseen at night seeking the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala he is forgiven."

(Ibn Habbaan)


12. Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu reports Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "My heart’s desire is that Surah Yaseen should be present in the heart of every individual of my Ummah."

(Al-Bazzaar)


13. Yaha ibn Abi Kathir says, "This narration has reached me that whoever shall recite Yaseen at night, he remains content till morning and whoever shall recite it in the morning, he remains content till evening. And that person who has related this to me has also experienced this." Thalabi said, and Ibn Atiyah has mentioned this and Ibn Atiyah says, "Experience confirms this."

(Qurtubi)
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The Virtues of Surah Zumar







Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anhu says, "Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to fast until we used to say, ‘He has no intention of remaining without fast.’ In addition, he used to remain without fast until we used to say, ‘He has no desire of observing fast.’ And he used to recite Surah Bani Israeel and Surah Zumar every night."

(Nasai)
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The Virtues of Surah Mu’min

Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites in the morning Ha Mim (Al-Mu’min) to Ilayhil Maseer (40:3)and Aayatul Kursi, he will be guarded by them till the evening, and if anyone recites them in the evening he will be guarded by them till the morning."

(Tirmizi)
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The Virtues of Surah Dukhan

1. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites Ha-mim Al-Dukhan any night, seventy thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him in the evening."

(Tirmizi)
2. Hazrat Abu Rafi radiyallahu anhu said, "Whoever will recite Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday, by morning he is forgiven and he will be wed to a huri (damsel of paradise) with wide lovely eyes."
(Darimi)
3. The same Hadith is reported by Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "Whoever shall recite Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday, he is forgiven in the morning."

4. Hazrat Abu Umamah radiyallahu anhu has said: I have heard the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam saying, "Whoever prays Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday or on Friday Allah Ta’ala makes for him a home in paradise."

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The Virtues of Surah Rahman

Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu told that he heard Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam say, "Everything has an adornment and the adornment of the Qur’aan is Ar-Rahman."

(Baihaqi)
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The Virtues of Surah Waqi’ah

Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu went to Hazrat Ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu paying him a visit in his sickness in which he passed away.

He asked, "What illness do you have?"

Hazrat Ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu replied, "My sins."

He inquired, "What do you desire?"

He replied, "The mercy of my Lord."

He asked, "Shall we not call someone to bring a doctor for you?"

Hazrat Ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu replied, "It is a doctor that has made me sick."

Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu asked again, "Shall I give order for your payment to be given."

He replied, "I have no need of it, you withheld it from me during my lifetime and at my death you are giving it to me."

Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu said, "After you it will remain for your daughters."

Hazrat Ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu said, "Do you fear poverty over my daughters, I have instructed them to recite every night Surah Waqi’ah for I have heard Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam say, ‘He who recites Surah Waqi’ah every night, poverty will never afflict him."

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The Virtues of Surah Hadid

1. Hazrat Irbad ibn Sariya said the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to recite Musabbihaat before going to sleep," and has said, "In them is a verse which is better than a thousand verses."

(Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nasai)


Note: Musabbihaat - these are said to be those Surahs which begin with the perfect, imperfect, or imperative of the verb of Sabbaha (to glorify).

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The Virtues of Surah Mulk

1. Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported Allah Ta’ala’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "A Surah in the Qur’aan containing thirty verses interceded for a man till his sins were forgiven. It was Tabaarakallazi Biyadihil Mulk."

(Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, Nasai and Ibn Majah)


2. Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu said that one of the Prophet’s sallallahu alaihe wasallam companions set up his tent over a grave without realising that it was a grave and it contained a man who was reciting the Surah Tabaarakallazi Biyadihil Mulk up to the end. He went and told the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam who said, "It is The Defender; it is The Protector which safeguards from Allah Ta’ala’s punishment."

(Tirmizi)


3. Hazrat Jabir radiyallahu anhu said it was the custom of the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam not to go to sleep until he had read Tabaarakallazi Biyadihil Mulk and Alif Laam Meem Tanzeel.

(Ahmad, Tirmizi and Daramee)


4. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu reported Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "There is a Surah which will plead for its reciter till it causes him to enter paradise (Tabaarakallazi Biyadihil Mulk)."

(Tabrani)


5. Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu told a man, "Shall I not give you as gift a Hadith with which you will rejoice."
 

The man replied, "Why not!"

Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu said, "Recite Surah Tabaarakallazi Biyadihil Mulk and teach it to your household and all your children and the children of your house and your neighbours for it is ‘The Protector and The Defender (or Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu said) it will plead with its Lord for its reciter and it will intercede for its reciter to protect him from the punishment of the fire and to save its reciter from the punishment of the grave. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam has said, ‘It is my hearts desire that this Surah be present in the heart of every person of my Ummah’."

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The Virtues of Surah A’laa

Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu said that Allah Ta’ala’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to like this Surah Sabbihisma Rabbikal A’laa.

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The Virtues of Surah Zilzaal

1. Hazrat Abu Hurairah ibn Amr radiyallahu anhu told of a man coming to the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam and asking him to teach him to recite. On being told to recite three of the Surahs with Alif laam raa he replied, "I am old, my heart has difficulty in remembering, and my tongue is sluggish." Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam told him to recite the three Surahs of Haa meem, he gave the same reply and then asked Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam "Teach me the reading of a comprehensive surah." So Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam taught him to recite Izaa zul zilatil ardhu zilzaalahaa up to the end. The man said, "I swear by Him who has sent you with the truth that I shall never recite more than that."

When the man turned away Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam said twice, "The little man has become successful."

Note: This Surah has been called a comprehensive Surah because it contains the verse:

"And whoso doth good an atom’s weight shall see it then, and whoso doth ill an atom’s weight shall see it then."

This includes all those things that have been ordered to be done and all those things that have been ordered to refrain from.

2. Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu and Hazrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying that Izaa zul zilatil ardhu zilzaalahaa is equivalent to half the Qur’aan, Qul huwallahu ahad is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan and Qul yaa ayyuhal kaafiroon is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur’aan.

Note: In the Qur’aan mention has been made of creation first time and a second time because in this Surah recreation and resurrection have been told in an influential and effective manner. The reading of this Surah is equivalent to half of the Qur’aan.

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The Virtues of Surah Takathur

Hazrat Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Can one of you not recite a thousand verses daily?"

Then they asked, "Who could recite a thousand verses daily?"

He replied, "Can one of you not recite Alhaakumut takaathur?"

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The Virtues of Surah Kafiroon

1. Farwa ibn Naufal quoted his father as saying that he had asked, "O’ Allah’s Messenger teach me something to say when I retire to bed."

He replied, "Recite Qul yaa ayyuhal kafiroon for it is a declaration of freedom from polytheism."

2. Hazrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying that Izaa zul zilatil ardhu zilzaalahaa is equivalent to half the Qur’aan, Qul huwallahu ahad is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan, and Qul yaa ayyuhal kafiroon is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur’aan. When Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to retire to bed he used to recite Qul yaa ayyuhal kafiroon till the end.

3. Harith ibn Jabala radiyallahu anhu says, "I asked, ‘O’ Messenger of Allah teach me something which I can read when I go to sleep."

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam replied, "When you go to bed at night read Qul yaa ayyuhal kafiroon for it is a declaration of freedom from polytheism."

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The Virtues of Surah Ikhlaas

1. Hazrat Abu Darda radiyallahu anhu reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "Is any one of you unable to recite a third of the Qur’aan in a night?"

The companions asked, "How could a third be recited?"

He replied, "Qul huwallahu ahad is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan."

Note: Mainly in the Qur’aan there is mention of 3 topics; the unity of Allah Ta’ala, law and stories. Because the unity of Allah has been proclaimed with great eloquence in this Surah, this Surah is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan.

Some scholars have stated that the recitation of Qul huwallahu ahad in itself earns the reward of reading one third of the Qur’aan. Now, taking into consideration the first opinion, if anyone was to recite Surah Ikhlaas 3 times he wouldn’t necessarily receive the reward of reciting the entire Qur’aan. Whereas if the second opinion is taken into consideration then by reading this Surah 3 times one will receive the reward of the recitation for the whole Qur’aan.

2. Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anhu said that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam sent a man in charge of an expedition. He would recite for his companions during their prayer, finishing with Qul huwaalhu ahad. When they returned they mentioned this to the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam and he told them to ask him why he did that. They asked him and he replied, "Because it is a description of the Compassionate One, I like to recite it."

Then the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "Tell him that Allah loves him."

3. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu said a man told Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam that he liked the Surah Qul huwallahu ahad to which he replied, "Your love of it will admit you into Paradise."

4. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu reported the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone recites two hundred times daily, Qul huwallahu ahad the sins of fifty years will be wiped out, unless he is in debt." Tirmizi and Darami transmitted it. The latter version has ‘fifty times’ and he did not mention ‘unless he is in debt’.

5. Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu reported the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam as saying, "If anyone who is about to sleep on his bed lies on his right side, then recites Qul huwallahu ahad a hundred times, the Lord will say to him on the day of resurrection, ‘My servant, enter paradise to your right."

6. Saeed ibn Musayyib radiyallahu anhu reported in Mursal form that the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "If anyone recites ten times Qul huwallahu ahad a palace will be built for him in paradise. If anyone recites it twenty times, two palaces will be built for him in paradise owing to it and if anyone recites it thirty times, three palaces will be built for him in paradise because of it."

Umar ibn Khattab radiyallahu anhu said, "I swear by Allah, Messenger of Allah, that we shall then produce many palaces for ourselves."

To which he replied, "Allah’s abundant grace is even more comprehensive than that."

7. Aifa ibn Abd Kilai told of a man who asked Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallam which Surah of the Qur’aan was greatest and was told that it is Qul huwallahu ahad. He asked which verse of the Qur’aan was greatest and he replied that is the throne verse, Allahu laailaaha illa huwal hayyul qayyoom. He asked, "O’ Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wasallam) which verse would you like to bring good to you and your people?"

He replied, "The end of Surah Baqarah, for it is one of the treasures of Allah’s treasures of Allah’s Mercy from under His Throne which He gave to this Ummah, and there is no good in this world and the next which it does not include."

8. Hazrat Abu Saeed radiyallahu anhu says that he heard a person reciting repeatedly Qul huwallahu ahad. In the morning he (Abu Saeed) came to the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam and related this to him, it seemed that the questioner was thinking of the Surah as being little. In answer to that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "I swear by that Being in whose dominion my soul lies this Surah is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan."

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