The cave of Thoor, situated 5 km from Makkah served as a place of refuge for our beloved Nabi Muhammed and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A.). This cave and the cave of Hira occupy a very important place in the History of Islaam: one for the Divine Call and other for the memorable Migration (Hijrah).
The Kuffar of Makkah sent out tracking parties to seize Rasulullah . A price of a 100 camels was set out for the capture of Rasulullah . At last, when the search for the neighborhood was over and all was clear, they left the cave. Rasulullah and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A.) set out for Madinah. They used unfamiliar paths because they were still being pursued by the enemy. They rested during the day and travelled at night. The rest of the journey was fairly safe and was covered without any serious hazards.
Meanwhile, the Muslims of Madinah received news of Rasulullah 's departure from Makkah and eagerly awaited his arrival. Everyday the Ansars used to go out of the city of Madinah to give him a grand welcome, but they returned disappointed. Young girls sang songs of welcome from the roof of their homes. At last, the beloved Rasool of Allah accompanied by Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A.) arrived at a place called Quba, 5 km from Madinah after traveling for eight days, on the 12th Rabiul-Awwal in the thirteenth Year of his mission (June 28. 622 A.D.)
Rasulullah and his companion Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A.) stayed at Quba for 14 days. During his short stay at Quba, Rasulullah built the first Masjid in Islaam, Masjid-e-Quba.
The Ansaars (Helpers) of Madinah were now anxious to receive Rasulullah . The entry into Madinah began on a Friday. Nabi and his party arrived in the locality of Banu Salim bin Auf. It was time for prayers. The first Jum'a prayer in Muslim History was conducted here by Rasulullah with 100 worshippers in an open field. Rasulullah mounted his camel, named Quswa after jum'a Salaat and proceeded forward. As his camel passed by a particular family they would say with one voice 'Here we are with our homes, our property and our lives. Come and live with us'. Some in their Zeal would hold the reins of the camel and request Rasulullah to dismount . Gently Rasulullah would refuse saying 'Leave the camel alone, she is under Divine Command, she will stop where Allah wants her to stop'.
At last she stopped at a site belonging to two orphans of Banu Najjar, the clan to which belonged Rasulullah 's mother. The nearest house was that of Abu Ayyub Ansari (R.A.). He was the fortunate man to be the host of Rasulullah .
One of the most important things Rasulullah did in Madinah was to ask the people of Madinah to help those who came from Makkah. The people of Madinah shared their homes and goods with the people of Makkah most readily. The people who helped were called Ansars and the people who made Hijrah, were called the Muhajireen. This helping and sharing is called Muwakhat (Islamic Brotherhood).
Contents of the biography of the Prophet Muhammed