In a 'Weak' (Dhaeef) hadith, the occasion of the revelation of this verse has been described to be the incident of two men who took their dispute to the Prophetic Court and the Holy Prophet judges accordingly. But the man against whom the decision was given said that he was not happy about it. Holy Prophet asked the disgruntled man: "What do you desire? The man suggested he would like to go to Hazrat Abu Bakr. When Siddiq-e-Akbar heard the case, he decided the same way as that of Holy Prophet . Even then the man was not happy and suggested to go to Hazrat Umar. Having arrived at Hazrat Umarís home, the winning party related the whole case from beginning to end. Hazrat Umar enquired of the other man if it was true, and that both of you are coming from Holy Prophet's and Hazrat Abu Bakr's homes. The man replied yes. Then Hazrat Umar radiallahu anhu said, "Well both of you wait here. I'm just coming and I'll decide the case." Next moment he came out with a drawn sword and beheaded the man who sought various opinions, and remarked:
"This is the decision for a man who does not agree with the Holy Prophet's decision."
Frightened and terrified the other man came running to the Holy and said: "My companion has been killed and if I had not run off, I too perhaps would not have been spared." The Holy Prophet said: "I do not know Umar to be like this, that he would shed blood of a believer so daringly." It was on this occasion that this verse was revealed, exonerating Hazrat Umar.